The Nova Scotia government is asking Ottawa for help as the province digs out from an “extreme snowfall” that has prompted parts of Cape Breton to declare local states of emergency.
A stalled low-pressure system off the province’s east coast dumped heavy snow across the eastern half of the mainland and in Cape Breton, where preliminary observations showed more than 100 centimetres had piled up in the Sydney area since Friday.
On Monday afternoon, Nova Scotia’s minister responsible for emergency management, John Lohr, released a letter dated Sunday to federal Emergency Preparedness Minister Harjit Sajjan, saying the province needs heavy equipment to help with snow removal. Lohr is also asking for portable fuel storage equipment and air transport assistance to help with the delivery of critical supplies and the evacuation of isolated people.
Nova Scotia has already sought help from neighbouring provinces, but Lohr says federal aid is needed to maintain public safety, as it could take days to clear roads.
“Our province has experienced a rare extreme snowfall event that has brought particularly severe impacts to northeastern Nova Scotia and Cape Breton,” Lohr wrote. “More assistance is still required to open roads and restore the flow of essential goods and personnel.”
Sajjan wrote on X, formerly Twitter, that he has approved the request for help. He told reporters in Ottawa that Parks Canada will provide snow removal equipment and the Canadian Coast Guard will contribute helicopters. Organizations including the Red Cross, Team Rubicon and the Search and Rescue Volunteer Association of Canada will help with humanitarian work, Sajjan added.
Meanwhile, the mayor of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Amanda McDougall, was urging residents to stay home. Even though the weather improved on Monday, McDougall said a sense of panic was setting in among those feeling stranded and isolated.
“At my house, for example, we have a good five-foot drift that’s sitting at the end of our driveway, so we can’t get out,” she said in an interview. “It’s not going to be a quick process to dig out of this.”
McDougall said staff at Cape Breton’s non-profit Ally Centre and the community homeless shelter in Sydney have been reaching out to vulnerable residents.
“I know there are still people living in tents … and there are seniors who live alone who I’m also really, really concerned for,” she said, adding that the municipality is drafting a registry of people who need help, as it did during post-tropical storm Fiona in September 2022.
The mayor said she and her council colleagues declared a weeklong local state of emergency on Sunday in a bid to get more snow-clearing equipment from the province.
In Sydney’s south end, ambulance driver Bedi Singh was in bed on Sunday afternoon, playing video games on his phone, when there was a loud bang. A wall of snow had pushed in a ground-floor window that landed on him and his girlfriend.
“A big chunk of snow fell from the roof (of the four-storey apartment complex) and it put too much pressure (on the window),” Singh said in an interview. “Boom! Everything broke and came in … All of the glass and snow fell right on top of me and my girlfriend.”
He said he suffered some scratches but was otherwise unhurt. Photos from his apartment show a mattress, upon which is a twisted window frame under a large pile of snow.
Singh said two or three other ground-floor apartments were damaged the same way. He said he and his friends in the building quickly assembled a crew of about a dozen people, who then cleaned up the mess and put plywood over the broken windows.
“We pooled our resources and got it done,” said Singh, who worked as a paramedic in India before moving to Sydney in 2018 to study at Cape Breton University.
On Monday morning, Environment Canada said a volunteer weather observer had recorded 150 centimetres of snow in Sydney, the largest community in Cape Breton. As well, 103 cm of snow was measured at the Sydney airport, and 98 cm fell over Ingonish, on the Island’s northeast coast.
Images posted on social media showed huge snowdrifts atop homes and outbuildings, buried and abandoned vehicles strewn across major highways and homeowners using shovels to carve tunnel-like paths just to move around their properties.
“There’s several reports around various parts of Cape Breton of over 100 centimetres (of snow),” said Ian Hubbard, a Halifax-based meteorologist with Environment Canada.
The Eskasoni First Nation, about 40 kilometres southwest of Sydney, declared a local state of emergency early Monday. “Eskasoni First Nation has exhausted all resources, with snow removal-capable vehicles within the community becoming stuck or otherwise unable to continue operations,” the band said in an online post.
More than 70 cm of snow was reported in eastern Nova Scotia, and strong winds since Friday sculpted massive drifts that will take days to clear.
Nova Scotia Premier Tim Houston said the snowstorm, the worst the province has seen in 20 years, can be added to a growing list of weather-related disasters that have beset the province since September 2022, when post-tropical storm Fiona made landfall. That devastating storm was followed last year by the largest wildfires in the province’s recorded history, in May and June, and widespread flooding in July.
“Now, we’re talking about a historic snowstorm,” Houston told a news conference. “We’ve had more than our fair share in this province. But I assure you we will dig out.”
According to preliminary reports, between 30 and 50 cm fell across Halifax, but 84 cm was reported at Halifax Stanfield International Airport, only 30 kilometres away. Scores of flights were cancelled or delayed at the region’s busiest airport, and more than 7,000 power outages were reported across the province Monday morning. By the end of the day, the provincial utility said about 1,800 customers were without power.
Schools were closed, and government offices delayed opening or closed for the day, except in the western municipalities, where the snowfall was much lighter.
Strong winds over the weekend made it difficult to measure the snowfall, said Hubbard. Northeast of Halifax, for example, communities in Pictou County reported between 50 and 100 cm of snow.
In Prince Edward Island, a provincial byelection slated for Monday was postponed until Tuesday. Tim Garrity, CEO of Elections PEI, issued a statement saying the storm’s track shifted westward overnight, causing dangerous driving conditions across the Island.
Hubbard said the centre of the storm parked itself south of Cape Sable Island on Friday afternoon and barely budged until Monday morning, when it started to break apart.
“Typically with a winter storm they tend to move up to the north or northeast and they move through, and we might get 12 to 18 hours of snow,” Hubbard said. “But this one did stall and that … kept the source of moisture there, so it was able to continually tap into moisture to produce snow.”
It was almost 20 years ago that a more powerful snowstorm slammed into the Halifax region, dumping up to 95 cm of snow. That storm, known as White Juan, came five months after hurricane Juan made landfall near Halifax.